Timothy Noakes, PhD, Technical Associate at Koura, joined ICI in 1975 as an organic fluorine chemist. Since then Dr Noakes has worked in a wide variety of fields, including laser chemistry, crop protection, electrostatic spraying and, for the last 33 years, the science of pMDI propellants. He has assisted many pMDI companies around the world in developing their offerings and has gained a wide knowledge of the strengths and weaknesses of the current technology base. Dr Noakes is now focused not only on continuing to develop technical support for existing pMDI formulations and technologies, but also on the introduction of the new, low-carbon alternative propellant, HFA-152a.

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