Researchers from the Human Cell Atlas Lung Biological Network, have identified two specific cell types in the nose as likely initial infection points for COVID-19 coronavirus, and cells in the eye and some other organs that also contain the viral-entry proteins. They also predict how a key entry protein is regulated with other immune system genes and reveals potential targets for the development of treatments to reduce transmission.
A novel inhaled formulation of the approved antihelminthic drug, niclosamide, is under development at the College of Pharmacy at The University of Texas at Austin for COVID-19. The compound was recently confirmed to exhibit antiviral efficacy in SARS-COV-2 infected cells and indeed was more potent compared with chloroquine, lopinavir and remdesivir, the group said.
Nicolas Schwenck and Michael Hahn summarise the critical success factors for bringing a new vibrating membrane nebuliser for a drug-device combination product to the market. They highlight opportunities and pitfalls – starting from the evaluation phase, through the development phase and finally during commercialisation.
Specialist respiratory drug product news publication OINDP News, has reported progress from several intranasal and inhaled COVID-19 vaccine development programmes, including from Altimmune, APEPTICO, a partnership between Neurimmune and Ethris, and a partnership between UW–Madison, FluGen and Bharat Biotech.
Theravance Biopharma is advancing TD-0903, a lung-selective nebulised Janus kinase inhibitor (JAKi) into clinical development to assess its utility in preventing the cytokine storm associated with acute lung injury (ALI) in patients hospitalised COVID-19 patients. The goal is the prevention of disease progression to ARDS.
BIOHAVEN GIVEN FDA GO-AHEAD TO BEGIN PHASE II TRIAL OF INTRANASAL VAZEGEPANT IN COVID-19 LUNG INFLAMMATION
Biohaven is to initiate a Phase II trial within weeks of intranasal vazegepant, its third-generation, high-affinity, selective small molecule CGRP receptor antagonist, in pulmonary complications of COVID-19 disease. The clinical trial will assess the potential benefits of CGRP receptor-blockade in mitigating an excessive immune response which in some cases can be fatal in COVID-19.
Insmed implements corporate initiatives in response to the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) global pandemic including a remote working policy to allow infectious disease specialists and pulmonologists to focus on treating patients and containing the virus. Arikares trainers will now offer remote training and onboarding for patients who initiate treatment with ARIKAYCE.